Cows are very important to society as they provide milk for us. We are going to talk about 2 different types of cows, A1 and A2 are the most common. These two breeds have some major differences in their genetics that effect what type of milk they produce. Many people don’t know the difference between A1 and A2 cows.
The first thing we should know is what they look like – they are both black and white milk producing animals but their appearance is slightly different. Secondly, we should know how these two types of cows differ from each other so we can tell them apart when we see them out on a farm! Let’s take a look at these two different types of cows and how we can differentiate them.
1. A1 cows have a large and pink udder compared to A2 cow’s small, tight udder. 2s category cows also have a higher body fat percentage than 1s category cows.Therefore, 2s cows produce more milk per amount of food they eat. This results in this cow’s having thicker teats than 1s cows (teats are the part of the udder where the milk comes out). The thickness means that this cow’s milk is much easier for humans to digest due to its increased protein content making it less acidic and therefore much sweeter on your tongue!
2. The next difference we can see between these types of cows is the colour of their urine. A2 milk contains a protein called A2 beta casein which is responsible for making this cow’s urine a yellowish brown instead of A1’s green/dark green. A1 (Friesian) cattle have been bred to produce more milk so they will be either mottled or pink-eyed. 2s category cows have white coats without any patches; this was also why A2 was once known as “white” in some parts of the world!
3. These cows produce less milk than A1, but they seem to have been the original European cow and so their genes haven’t been selectively bred as A1’s have. They also live longer than 1s category cows; 2s will often live until 20 years old while 1s cows die young because of all the health problems that come with being a dairy cow!
4. A1 cows are much larger than A2s (2s category cow is 12-15 hands or about 11.5 – 13 metres tall) whereas 1’s are between 15 and 16.3 hh. 1s category cows have 8 stomach compartments and 2s only have four. 1s cows have 30 mcm in the rumen and 2s have only 12 mcm. The size of the liver is much larger in 1s category cows and they can hold about 20 litres of bile, while the 2s category cow has a maximum capacity of around 7.5 litres. The liver is an active organ producing. 1s cows produce 29 kg of methane whereas 2s, only 3.5 kg. 2’s cows produce greater quantities of the anti inflammatory molecule, Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and their meat is lower in fat content than that of an 1s cow.
With so much information about the two types of cows out there, we decided to write this blog post. If you liked what you read and want more details on A1 cow or A2 cow, and, A1 milk or A2 milk, or if want to know more about where you can find A2 milk in Pune, let us know in the comments below if we can help you in something. We would love to hear from you!
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