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How an Air Conditioner Keeps You Cool

You might be surprised to hear that there isn’t just one component of an air conditioner that cools the air and that understanding the fundamentals of how one operates can be more useful than you might imagine. Instead, it makes use of a fundamental scientific principle. Namely, that heat is absorbed as a liquid turns into a gas. Specialized liquids are repeatedly forced to do this by an air conditioner, absorbing heat and releasing cool air. It’s a very straightforward idea that works due to some extremely smart equipment.

Parts of an Air Conditioner

Thompson Air conditioning systems may differ in design depending on the manufacturer or location (for instance, one cooling a hotel will differ from one merely cooling a house). Still, all of them share the same fundamental principles and utilize the same techniques:

Evaporator coil:- The component responsible for changing the refrigerant from a liquid to a gas.

Fans:- Maintain circulation across the entire system.

Condenser coil:- Releases this heat and cools the environment once more for the subsequent cycle by changing the refrigerant from a gas to a liquid.

Ducting:- The pathways that cold air travels to every corner of the structure.

Refrigerant:– A properly selected liquid that can chemically transform into a gas at very low temperatures. 

How an Air Conditioner Works

We’ll expose you to the fundamental framework of the entire system before delving too deeply into its mechanics. Essentially:

  • The Air Conditioning Adelaide typically takes warm air from your office through a grille.
  • One of its internal fans blows warm air over the refrigerant-containing, low-pressure, cold evaporator coil. (A dehumidifier is also used at this point to reduce extra moisture.)
  • Since the refrigerant is chillier than air, heat from warm air is transferred into refrigerant instead of refrigerant, deciding to leave the air cool and dry.
  • The remaining portion of the building is then exposed to cool air using ductwork.
  • In the meantime, the compressor and condenser coils procedure the refrigerant, which is now hot and gaseous due to the heat transfer. The unwanted heat is expelled outside during this process, and also the newly cooled refrigerant is transferred through an expansion valve. It is then prepared to cycle back to the evaporator and continue cooling more incoming air after this has happened.


The typical air conditioner is a relatively complex piece of machinery. Even though we’ve gone over the essentials of how it functions here, we still don’t recommend trying to fix any issues on your own. Rather, we advise you to benefit from the unparalleled knowledge and experience of skilled specialists.

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