Income investing: All you need to know about

What Is Investment Income?

Investment income refers to the income, which comes from the dividends, interest payments and capital gains. These are collected from selling a security or any other financial assets and profits made from any investment vehicle.

What is Income Investing?

Income investing is mainly a wealth-building technique which deals with assembling a portfolio of securities which produces dependable cash payouts. For most market participants, it means putting together high-quality bonds and dividend-paying stocks which can be considered as a source of cash.

Components of an income investing portfolio

The key components of an income investing portfolio are as follows:

    • Real estate
    • Dividend stocks
    • Mutual funds and ETFs
    • Bonds

The description of each type is provided below along with several other types accounts which produce investment income.


Bonds are loans to the firm or a government entity, and they provide a set amount of income as an interest that too on a predefined schedule. The holder of the loan gets the loaned amount back when the term of the loan ends. The rate of interest changes depending on the term, market conditions and creditworthiness.

There are mainly two types of bonds:

1) Corporate bonds

These types have a greater risk of default, as some firms go out of business without paying back their debt. But these firms have higher interest rates to reimburse for the surged risk.

2) Government bonds
They are comparatively safer than corporate bonds. It is because government entities or houses have the sole right to gather the taxes to and to use the money to repay their debt.

Dividend stocks

Dividend stocks are the stocks of firms which make the cash payments regularly to the shareholders. Dividends are generally a method for firms to pass a portion of their earnings to traders, and firms usually pay these from the free cash flow which their businesses produce.

The best dividend stocks regularly pay the dividends to the stakeholders and also raise the capital, which they pay over the interval. It provides traders with the income which they require and the growth to keep themself in competition with the surging prices over time.

Real estate

Real estate is a highly attractive and famous option for investment, particularly for income investing portfolios. This type of investment can produce a steady income that too in the form of rental income. It also provides prosperous flourishing long-term capital growth along with several tax benefits.

Mutual funds and ETFs

Rather than buying individual investments, traders can also purchase a share of mutual funds or ETFs (exchange-traded funds). Both of these in financial investment tools provide vulnerability to various sets of investments while providing access to traders with a significant amount of capital to invest.

There are sundry mutual funds and ETFs, which provides income investment. Some of them use the broader method, which includes various types of investment. On the other hand, there are some which focus on specific classes like dividend stocks or bonds.

Other types of investments which generate income

Funds, stocks and bonds make the key part of income-focused portfolios. It is because they have a higher yield rate in comparison to the other investment vehicles. But there are few other methods too though which investors can put their capital to work:

1) Certificates of deposit: In short CD, deals with lending capital to a banking institution for a set interval in exchange for payments (interest). The returns on Certificates of deposit are generally much lower in comparison to other investment methods but with mitigated risk.

2) Money market accounts and saving accounts: These are the accounts offered by banks. Savings accounts provide comparatively low interest, but at the same time, they allow you to withdraw capital at any time. Money market accounts are the same as the savings accounts. It is because they give higher interest in exchange for providing up certain flexibility in access to your capital.

Key terms involved with income investing

There are various terms in income investing which an investor should know for investing more effectively. The payout growth estimates to what extent an income investment has surged its income payment over an interval. Payout ratios tell the investor whether the dividend stock is expected to sustain its present payout.

The next is the dividend yield which estimates the total amount paid by the divide stocks.

1) Payout ratio: It reflects the percentage of an FCF (free cash flow) or firm’s earnings which move toward covering the firms’ dividend distribution. Payout ratios are estimated by dividing FCF or yearly earning by the total amount of divides (in the dollar) which a firm will distribute or has distributed in the given year.

2) Payout growth: It calculates the extent to which a firm has surged its payout per stock over an interval. The payout growth rate can be estimated by using the dividend at the closing point of a provided period. Then, subtracting the starting value of the dividend. The resulting value is now divided by the dividend at the beginning point of your comparison.

The faster is the value of payout growth rate; the far better a dividend business is doing. Additionally, the long-term record of growth is vital in estimating how probably the dividends will surge in future.

3) Dividend yield: The dividend yield is estimated by dividing the firm’s yearly dividend with its stock price. Hence, in case the stocks are priced at $50 per share and pay the total of $1 dividends per year, then the total yield will be 2%.

The sweet point for dividend yield ratio usually lies somewhere between two per cent and six per cent. The value below two per cent generally does not produce enough income to meet the satisfaction of most income investors. If the value of yield is above six per cent, then it reflects the high risk involved, which can make these stocks more dangerous in comparison to dividend stocks.

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